Professor Alan Baddeley is widely known for his ground-breaking work on working memory, and specifically for his multiple components model. In this article, Professor Baddeley examines the usefulness of cognitive psychology, and how this relates to working memory.
- Cognitive theory is important because cognitive explanations provide a vital link between the biological, behavioural and social levels.
- The working memory model comprises the central executive, involving a limited pool of attention that interfaces with two separate short-term storage systems, one visual, the visuo-spatial sketchpad, and the other verbal, the phonological loop.
- Research has suggested that working memory capacity plays an important role in academic performance.