WHEN AND WHERE IS COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY USEFUL? The case of working memory

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Professor Alan Baddeley is widely known for his ground-breaking work on working memory, and specifically for his multiple components model. In this article, Professor Baddeley examines the usefulness of cognitive psychology, and how this relates to working memory.

Summary points

  • Cognitive theory is important because cognitive explanations provide a vital link between the biological, behavioural and social levels.
  • The working memory model comprises the central executive, involving a limited pool of attention that interfaces with two separate short-term storage systems, one visual, the visuo-spatial sketchpad, and the other verbal, the phonological loop.
  •       Research has suggested that working memory capacity plays an important role in academic performance.
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